Image: Public Domain Henry Vaughan was born in 1845 in Cheshire, England. His family moved to Dollar in Clackmannanshire, Scotland where Vaughan attended Dollar Academy. He excelled there and was awarded the bronze medal of art from Dollar in 1863. Vaughan then apprenticed under George Frederick Bodley-Bodley and Garner-Architects. He went on to become the firm's head draftsman. In 1881, Vaughan came to America (Vaughan settled in Boston, Massachusetts. He opened an office in Pemberton Square) bringing his English Gothic Style of architecture to the American branch of the Anglican Communion (Episcopal) Church. Henry Vaughan became a well known and prolific church architect. He popularized the Gothic Revival Style in the United State. It should also be mentioned that he married Mary Shellow a few years after arriving in Boston and later they had ten children together.

Vaughan's first commission in the United States was the Chapel of the Society of Saint Margaret . In the mid 1880s he received commissions from Edward Francis Searles. One of his projects was the Washington National Cathedral. The National Cathedral was built over a period of 83 years (September 29, 1907 to September 29, 1990). Notice that the starting date and the finishing date are Sept 29th. There were a number of architects who worked on the National Cathedral over this span of time: Cathedral Architects include: Bodley, 1907-1917, Henry Vaughan, 1921-1944, Frohman, Robb & Little, 1944-1972 - Philip H. Frohman (Philip H. Frohman November 16, 1887-1972, the architect who is most widely known for his work on the National Cathedral. He named the "Cathedral The Church of St. Peter and St. Paul" in Washington).

"Image: Public DomainThe Washington National Cathedral traces its inspiration to an intention by District of Columbia's original city planner, Pierre L'Enfant that the city should include a church 'for national purposes' to be 'equally open to all.' Although the First Amendment would presumably preclude the construction of such a church by the government, the Protestant Episcopal Cathedral Foundation of the District of Columbia was chartered by Congress in January 1893, in part to fulfill L'Enfant's intended design. Not until 1906, however, would the Cathedral Foundation select two architects, George Frederick Bodley, an Englishman, and Henry Vaughan of Boston. Planning then proceeded swiftly with preliminary designs by Bodley for a massive Gothic structure accepted on June 10, 1907. On September 29, the Foundation Stone (cornerstone) of the cathedral was laid in a great ceremony at which President Theodore Roosevelt and the Bishop of London spoke. Within a month, however, Bodley would be dead. Vaughan became the first officially appointed Cathedral Architect and held the position for a decade, until his death in June 1917." Philip H. Frohman

Some interesting facts about the National Cathedral:
Emporis

For More Information:

The National Cathedral aka The Cathedral Church of St. Peter and St. Paul
George Frederick Bodley, Architect
Frohman, Philip H. Architect
Pierre Charles L'Enfant/Architect
First posted: Jan 29, 2015
Last update: Jan 31, 2015