Home||First Posted: July 27, 2012|
Jan 20, 2020
Horse Statues In Washington, DC
by Debora Johnson
(Alphabetically) Listed Horse Statues in Washington, DC
Francis Asbury Simon Bolivar Don Juan Carlos John Dill General Ulysses S. Grant Major General Nathaneal Greene Major General Winfield Scott Hancock Haseltine's Gilded Horse Statue  Major General Andrew Jackson Lt. General Thomas J. (Stonewall) Jackson Joan of Arc Statue General Philip Kearny Lincoln's Cottage Major General John A. Logan Major General George B. McClellan BRIG. General James B. McPherson Memorial Bridge Horses: Sacrifice and Valor Billy Mitchell, Aviator Library of Congress Neptune Fountain Pecos Bill Reckless General Philip H. Sheridan General William Tecumseh Sherman BRIG. General Count Casimir Pulaski General Winfield Scott Major General George H. Thomas LT. General George Washington John Wesley
I have taken this article from my equestrian site, HorseHints.org as I thought it might be of interest to anyone. My husband and I travel quite often and take pictures of the many horse statues around the world. They, too, can be found on HorseHints.org in the various galleries.
Have you ever heard the statement that one can tell how the rider of a horse died by the placement of the hooves of the horse? It is said that if one on the horse's hooves is raised, the rider was wounded in battle or possibly died of those wounds later; two raised hooves, death in battle; all four hooves on the ground, the rider survived all battles unharmed. Although there are a number of statues where this holds true, there is no validity to this lore.
There are, however, several instances where this is true:
The hoof code in the Battle of Gettysburg holds true with one exception. James Longstreet was not wounded in this battle. His horse has one foot raised.
Washington, DC has more equestrian statues than any other city in the United States. In fact, it has more than thirty (30) horse statues. Upon careful examination only ten out of thirty follow the hoof code stated above. This article will be updated from time to time as my husband continues to photograph these statues.
Francis Asbury 16th and Mount Pleasant NW (1924)
All hooves on ground; died in peace. This horse statue is one of two that faces away from the White House in the District of Columbia. All the others face toward the White House. John Wesley on horseback, at the American University Theological Seminary is the other statue. See John Wesley below. The John Welsey statue is also one of two that is not life size.
Francis Asbury was born August 20, 1745 and died March 31, 1816). He was one of the first two bishops of the Methodist Episcopal Church in the United States. As a young man in October 1771, the Englishman traveled to America and, during his 45 years there, he devoted his life to ministry, traveling on horseback and by carriage thousands of miles to those living on the frontier. Asbury spread Methodism in America, as part of the Second Great Awakening. He also founded several schools during his lifetime, although his own formal education was limited. His journal is valuable to scholars for its account of frontier society.
W Francis Asbury: 16th and Mount Pleasant NW (1924)
Field Marshal Sir John Dill Arlington National Cemetery (1950)
All hooves on ground; died of leukemia.
General Ulysses S. Grant
General Ulysses S. Grant Union Square, at the east end of the Mall (1922)
All hooves on ground; died in peace.
"Grant" writes Jean Edward Smith, his distinguished biographer, "rarely permitted anyone to ride the horse, the exception being Lincoln, whom Grant considered an excellent horseman, and who rode Cincinnati whenever he visited the front." The article goes on to say that "The horse on the mall is listening, ears pricked, nostrils flared. His bronze is a portrait, too. Grant was a kind of a horse whisperer. 'If I can mount a horse,' he said, 'I can ride him.' In 1843, at West Point, astride York, an intractable chestnut-sorrel animal, Grant set a high jump record that lasted 25 years."
Major General John A. Logan
Major General John A. Logan: Logan Circle, Vermont Avenue, 13th and P Streets NW (1901).
One hoof raised; died in peace, twice wounded.
General Winfield Scott
Lt. General Winfield Scott/Scott Circle 16th and Massachusetts and Rhode Island NW (1874). Winfield Scott
All hooves on ground; died in peace.
"Winfield Scott (June 13, 1786 - May 29, 1866) was a United States Army general, and unsuccessful presidential candidate of the Whig Party in 1852. Known as 'Old Fuss and Feathers' and the 'Grand Old Man of the Army,' he served on active duty as a general longer than any other man in American history, and many historians rate him the best American commander of his time. Over the course of his forty-seven-year career, he commanded forces in the War of 1812, the Mexican-American War, the Black Hawk War, the Second Seminole War, and, briefly, the American Civil War, conceiving the Union strategy known as the Anaconda Plan that would be used to defeat the Confederacy. He served as Commanding General of the United States Army for twenty years, longer than any other holder of the office. ..."
Major General Winfield Scott Hancock
Major General Winfield Scott Hancock Seventh and Pennsylvania NW (1896).
One hoof raised; wounded in battle.
General Philip H. Sheridan
Statue of Sheridan on Rienzi in Sheridan Circle, Washington, DC
The beautiful photograph of the horse head statue in Sheridan Circle, Washington, DC, is Sheridan's horse, Rienzi. The horse's name was later changed to Winchester after Sheridan's victory in Virginia against the Confederates. The horse is stuffed and in the Smithsonian's American History Museum.
The actual Rienzi stuffed. Bridle has lots of leverage. If compared to the statue of Rienzi in Sheridan Circle, above, the bridles are not the same. However, both are bridles to contain a strong horse.
General Philip H. Sheridan Sheridan Circle, 23rd and Massachusetts NW (1908).
Sheridan won the Battle of Chattanooga in 1863 and was given charge of the Army of the Potomac in 1864. After his raid on Richmond Sheridan became Commander of the Army of the Potomac. At the Battle of Appomattox Sheridan and Grant forced Robert E. Lee's surrender, thus, ending the Civil War. He then succeeded Sherman as Commander In Chief of the Army in 1884.
General Philip H. Sheridan's horse during most of the Civil War, Winchester was mounted and presented to the Smithsonian in 1923 by the Military Service Institution, Governor's Island, New York. The horse's name, originally "Rienzi," was changed to Winchester after carrying Sheridan on his famous ride from Winchester, Virginia to Cedar Creek, Virginia in time to rally his troops and turn almost-certain defeat into victory. Winchester can be seen in the Armed Forces History Hall at the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History, Behring Center.
|Time is usually limited when traveling. With that constraint, Lincoln's Cottage is out of the way and not readily accessible especially to individuals and families who are touring. There is so much to see in Washington, DC. Better use of your time would be to skip this unless, of course, you have a specific passion for this genre. It is also important to mention that reservations are advised as tours fill up. No concessions are made if tours are to capacity, I was told by Cottage staff, for those who arrive without reservations. You are unable to get into the cottage without being with a tour. There are gounds to see and the statue you see in the video, Old Bob. However, the ticket costs add up especially if you are a family. It is difficult enough to navigate in an unfamiliar city without adding more obstacles and worries such as these. Photography is forbidden inside the cottage without special prior permission, signatures and approvals from both sides. Other than the wonderful statue, it was a disappointment. There is nothing to see inside the cottage, however, one gets a feel of where Lincoln worked on the Emancipation Proclamation.|
Lincoln and his horse, Old Bob or Old Robin, at President Lincoln's Cottage Old Bob was the rider-less horse with the boots turned up-side-down. Ivan Schwartz was the artist responsible for this sculpture. A riderless horse or caparisoned horse (in reference to its ornamental coverings, which have a detailed protocol of their own) is a single horse, without a rider, and with boots reversed in the stirrups, which sometimes accompanies a funeral procession. The horse follows the caisson carrying the casket.
Lincoln's Hitching Post is locaated right outside of the New York Ave. Presbyterian Church. This hitching post is where Lincoln would hitch his horses while he attended Mass.
Joan of Arc Statue is one of several statues in Meridian Hill Park. The park is an administrative unit of Rock Creek Park. The formal, 12-acre site includes unique statues, the largest cascading fountain in North America, concrete aggregate architecture, a U.S. presidential memorial, and the only horse statue with a female mount, Joan of Arc. The park was designed based off of an Italian aristocrat's private residence. Meridian Hill Park was home to an early African American Seminary and a college that was to become George Washington University.
2400 15th St NW, Washington, DC 20008
This link will give you information on a free cell phone tour: Cell Phone Tour of Meridian Park, et. al.
W Joan of Arc, by Paul Dubois, is the only equestrian statue of a woman in Washington, D.C. It is a statue that was first proposed in May 1916 by Mme Polifème to the Commission of Fine Arts in order to celebrate the friendship between France and the United States. During its creation, DuBois worked closely with the French Minister of Education and Fine Arts in producing a credible representation of the peasant girl. The statue was completed in 1922 in Paris; the original is located in Reims, France in front of the Cathedral of Notre-Dame. The replica in Washington was donated by Le Lyceum Société des Femmes de France to the women of the United States of America. On January 6, 1922, when the piece was dedicated, President Harding and the French Ambassador were the guests of honor. Mrs. Harding and Mme Jusserand, who represented France, also attended.
The United States Commission of Fine Arts suggested that the sculpture be placed at the terrace of Meridian Hill Park located in Washington, D.C. It was originally surveyed as part of the Smithsonian's Save Outdoor Sculpture! (SOS) survey in 1994. SOS is a joint project of the Smithsonian American Art Museum and Heritage Preservation. Joan of Arc is a statue of a trotting horse with Joan of Arc riding. The statue sits on a three-tiered granite base (height 52 inches x width 11 feet) designed by W Harold Lenoir Davis and American novelist and poet. She looks skyward and is wearing a helmet. She holds the reins in her left hand. When the statue was created Joan of Arc held held a sword in her right hand. The sword was stolen in 1978 and finally replaced in December 2011.
"...In 1940 he was elected into the National Academy of Design as an Associate member and became a full Academician in 1946.
"Haseltine sculpted a variety of animals but is best known for his equestrian sculptures, most notably the 1934 life-size statue of the thoroughbred race horse Man o' War at the Kentucky Horse Park in Lexington, Kentucky and 'George Washington on Horseback', Gilded bronze statue at the Washington National Cathedral made in 1959. He also traveled to India, where he made an oversized statue of one of the ancestors of the Maharaja of Nawanagar, Jam Shri Rawalji in 1933. It can still be seen there. He replicated many of his large works in table-top sizes. The author of a number of books on animalier art, Haseltine was well connected in American upper class society and did a three-year project to create a work for heiress Barbara Hutton. This project included two horses heads which were gilded bronze, with precious and semi precious stones. After her death the heads disappeared and resurfaced a few years ago at an auction in New York." ... W
For More Information:Equestrian Statues in the United States